Cotton Nero A.X.4 - Susan Welstead [.pdf]

Monitoring activities can focus, as in the above example on measuring the prevalence of food security for particular groups (that is quality of food, shortage of food, experiences of hunger, anxiety about food intake). Another approach is to assess the determinants of food security, in relation to the factors which impact 'food supply' and 'food access'. Examples here may include:

Lewis as a Medievalist - Masako Takagi

The case - Sebastian Sobecki [.pdf]

Shoaf - Anniina Jokinen [, ] - Fred Griffiths - David V.

'Community Foodies' is a state-wide peer education program that is adapted at the local level to manage responses to locally identified nutrition issues. The program aims to develop cross-sectoral collaboration and capacity building in communities, by ensuring local partner agencies are engaged. Local programs are developed and implemented by the communities themselves. Community members are trained in basic nutrition, program planning and facilitation, and work directly with their own communities as peers. These strategies extend the capacity of health services and other agencies to work with disadvantaged and hard-to-reach communities in ways that are relevant, engaging and accessible.

Johnson [.pdf] - David Manselle - Kaye Anfield - W.

The community kitchens model may be particularly relevant for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities as it is based on community development principles and supports empowerment and self-efficacy. There is both local and international evidence to suggest that these programs can improve participants' food security through developing cooking, shopping and budgeting skills as well as reducing social isolation [81] [82].

Mattison [.rtf] - Travis Krick - Richard Bramante - Mark Lawrence - Emily C.

Compare and Contrast Urban and Rural Living Essay

In line with good practice principles, answers to the above questions will be dependent upon genuine consultation and engagement by the local community. For Aboriginal people, the determinants of health and health behaviour are broader than socio-economic issues and include history, the quality of relationship to the wider mainstream community, connectedness to community members and land, opportunities for cultural expression and issues relating to personal and community control [26]. It is critical therefore, that programs to address nutrition and food security are community directed and culturally aligned. In 2000, a critical review of the evidence for successful food supply and nutrition programs for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people (NHMRC 2000) [31] found little evidence that mainstream nutrition programs address the nutrition needs of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. To engender community control, consultation with communities should not only explore food security barriers, but most importantly focus on potential solutions to improve food supply and food access.

Shaw - Lili Arkin - Michael Love - Lorelei Feldman - William Ames - Patrick Thrasher - Damian T.

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The majority of people across Australia obtain their weekly food supplies from supermarkets or local retail outlets. Large supermarkets, through economies of scale, are generally less expensive and offer the greatest variety of food choices compared with smaller independent food stores [101]. As such the food security of local communities is heavily influenced by the location of supermarkets and residents ability to easily access them; particularly if they do not own a car.

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Last updated on February 7, 2011.

Second Bite a not-for-profit organisation based in Melbourne committed to making a positive difference by sourcing fresh nutritious food that would otherwise go to waste and redistributing it to over 70 food relief agencies providing thousands of meals for people in need. After only two years of operation, in 2008 Second Bite distributed a record 204 tonnes of food. Before Second Bite, agencies purchased much of their food with donated funds often at retail prices. By saving money on their food bill, agencies can divert funds back into educational, social, recreational and outreach programs for their clients. Receiving regular deliveries of fresh vegetables and fruits has given agencies the capacity to create wholesome, nutritious and culturally diverse menus for their clients.

'Access to nutritious food makes more of a difference than nutrition education.'

"We're role models, whether we like it or not."

The term 'food supply' describes those aspects which affect the 'availability' of food in a community that can ultimately affect the food security of individuals, households or the entire population. While food supply is affected by national and even global forces, the focus for this review is the availability, variety, quality and promotion of foods for local population groups. In particular, interventions to influence the food supply have been categorised into local 'food production', 'food retail outlets and food transport', 'prepared food outlets' and 'food aid and subsidised food and meals'. There are also a range of upstream factors which can have significant impacts on local food supply, including urban planning, land use regulation, agricultural policy and food processing regulations. While analysis of these factors which have whole of population impact is beyond the scope of this paper, greater advocacy is required to ensure the rights of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people are considered within broad policy and regulatory decision making.