The Spartans defeated Athens and occupied the city in 404.

The death of Cleombrotus at Leuctra (371), surprised by the tactics of the great Theban general Epaminondas, , is nearly as significant, signaling both the end of Spartan hegemony over Greece and a military revolution.

But the Spartans left Athens, and the hated Thirty were overthrown.

Comparing Athens and Sparta, a philosopher like Plato was unmistakably a Spartan sympathizer.

Essay sparta and athens | My Hotel Yerevan

Henry Kissinger, President Nixon's foreign policy adviser and later Secretary of State, is supposed to have remarked once, privately, that the United States was liable to lose the Cold War to the Soviet Union in the same way and for the same reasons that Athens lost the Peloponnesian War to Sparta.

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The "Ten Years" or "Archidamian" War, 431-421, had ended in the aftermath of the Athenians trapping and capturing a force of Spartans on the island of Sphacteria, near the Homeric city of Pylos, in 425.

later began trying to play the Athenians, Spartans, and Persians off of each other.

Myth, Philosophy, Why the Greeks?, Parmenides, Greek …

Socrates would have found few takers for his conversation at Sparta -- and it is hard to imagine the city tolerating his questions for anything like the thirty or more years that Athens did.

Here are some facts about Ancient Athens

The Spartans occupied Athens, overthrew the democratic government, and set up a of Quislings that the Athenians called the "Thirty Tyrants." In predictable fashion, they began killing their political enemies, as Socrates mentions himself (32c-d).

The life of Theseus from Greek mythology

In the end, philosophy made the fortune of Athens, which essentially became the University Town of the Roman Empire (only Alexandria came close as a center of learning); but even Sparta's army eventually failed her, as Spartan hegemony was destroyed at the battle of Leuctra in 371 by the brilliant Theban general Epaminondas, , who killed a king, Cleombrotus, for the first time since King Leonidas was killed by the Persians at Thermopylae in 480.

“Flight 93 Election” essay - The Claremont Institute

The attitudes in Greek philosophy towards Athens and Sparta, as well as sympathies and actions comparable to those of Plato, can also be seen in the Twentieth Century.

The Athenians were fighting at sea even while the Spartans were fighting on land.

Athens Vs Sparta - Essay by Nminnick2012

It wasn't until the Athenians threatened to go over to the Persians and use their fleet to land the Persian army behind the wall that the Spartans decided to honor their obligations to the allies.

Ironically, his place of exile in 405 was right by where the final battle, Aegospotami, was fought between Athens and Sparta.

Sparta Reconsidered - Spartan Women - Elysium Gates

The, by then, Carthaginian domain in Spain was much expanded by Hamilcar Barca, the father of the great Hannibal (247-183 BC), in the time between the (264-241) and (218-201) Punic Wars with Rome.

The Plague of Athens - Ancient Greece

While this gave Sparta the best army in Greece, regarded by all as next to invincible, and helped Sparta defeat Athens in the Peloponnesian War (431-404), we do not find at Sparta any of the accoutrements otherwise normally associated with Classical Greek civilization: no historians, no playwrights, no great architecture, and, especially, no philosophers.