The Argument from Religious Experience

One advantage of Hick's position is that it undermines arationale for religious conflict. If successful, this approachwould offer a way to accommodate diverse communities and undermine whathas been a source of grave conflict in the past.

The American Religious ExperienceMidterm Examination

Human awareness of the existence of the many religions in the world, today, is unprecedented.

Challenges to religious experiences - essay plan

There are various arguments that are advanced to motivate religiousbelief. One of the most interesting and popular is a wager argumentoften associated with Pascal (1623–1662). It is designed tooffer practical reasons to cultivate a belief in God. Imagine thatyou are unsure whether there is or is not a God. You have it withinyour power to live on either assumption and perhaps, through variouspractices, to get yourself to believe one or the other. There would begood consequences of believing in God even if your belief were false,and if the belief were true you would receive even greater good. Therewould also be good consequences of believing that there is no God, butin this case the consequences would not alter if you were correct. If,however, you believe that there is no God and you are wrong, then youwould risk losing the many goods which follow from the belief that Godexists and from actual Divine existence. On this basis, it may seemreasonable to believe there is a God.

Describe and illustrate The Argument from Religious Experience.

How one settles the argument will depend on one's overall convictionsin many areas of philosophy. The holistic, interwoven nature of boththeistic and atheistic arguments can be readily illustrated. If youdiminish the implications of religious experience and have a highstandard regarding the burden of proof for any sort of religiousoutlook, then it is highly likely that the classical arguments forGod's existence will not be persuasive. Moreover, if one thinks thattheism can be shown to be intellectually confused from the start, thentheistic arguments from religious experience will carry littleweight. Testimony to have experienced God will have no more weightthan testimony to have experienced a round square, and non-religiousexplanations of religious experience—like those of Freud (aresult of wish-fulfillment), Marx (a reflection of the economic base)or Durkheim (a product of social forces)—will increase theirappeal. If, on the other hand, you think the theistic picture iscoherent and that the testimony of religious experience provides someevidence for theism, then your assessment of the classical theisticarguments might be more favorable, for they would serve to corroborateand further support what you already have some reason to believe. Fromsuch a vantage point, appeal to wish-fulfillment, economics, andsocial forces might have a role, but the role is to explain why someparties do not have experiences of God and to counter the charge thatfailure to have such experiences provides evidence that there is noreligious reality. For an excellent collection of recent work onexplaining the emergence and continuation of religious experience,see Schloss and Murray (eds.) 2009.

What particular aspects of society may prompt people to look for religious faith and identity?
Personal religion he defined as when an individual has a mystical experience which can occur regardless of the culture....

Religious Experience - Get Coursework & Essay …

Empirical verificationism is by no means dead. Some critics of thebelief in an incorporeal God continue to advance the same critique asthat of Flew and Ayer, albeit with further refinements. Michael Martinand Kai Nielsen are representatives of this approach. And yetdespite these efforts, empiricist challenges to the meaningfulness ofreligious belief are now deemed less impressive than they oncewere.

Having religion to fall back on as a type of emotional touchstone can keep one level headed in the grieving process....

Religious experience essay by Cassandra Bermudez - issuu

There have been hundreds of objections and replies to thisargument. Perhaps the most ambitious objection is that the argumentcan be used with one minor alteration to argue that God cannotexist. Assume all the argument above is correct, but also that it ispossible that God does not exist. Atheists can point out that manytheists who believe there is a God at least allow for the barepossibility that they could be wrong and there is no God. If it ispossible that there is no God, then it would necessarily follow thatthere is no God. Replies to this objection emphasize the difficulty ofconceiving of the non-existence of God. The battle over whether God isnecessary or impossible is often fought over the coherence of thevarious divine attributes discussed in section 3. If you think theseattributes are compossible, involve no contradictions, and violate noknown metaphysical truths, then you may well have good grounds forconcluding that God is possible and therefore necessary. However, ifyou see a contradiction, say, in describing a being who is at onceomniscient and omnipotent, you may well have good grounds forconcluding that God's existence is impossible.

This process starts with the alcoholic first opening his/her mind up to a greater power and being honest with one-self.

Religious Experience essay. - The Student Room

Fine tuning arguments contend that the existenceof our cosmos with its suns, planets, life, et al. would nothave come about or continued in existence without the constancy ofmultiple factors. Even minor changes to the nuclear weak force wouldnot have allowed for stars, nor would stars have endured if the ratioof electromagnetism to gravity had been different. John Leslieobserves: “Alterations by less than one part in a billion to theexpansion speed early in the Big Bang would have led to runawayexpansion, everything quickly becoming so dilute that no stars couldhave formed, or else to gravitational collapse inside under asecond” (Leslie 2007, 76). Robin Collins and others have arguedthat theism better accounts for the fine tuning than naturalism(see Collins 2003; for criticism of the argument, see Craig &Smith 1993).