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Interprets the Wars of Religion as the product of religious anguish and attempts to lay out the underlying religious “imagination” that motivated the conflicts, rather than laying out a narrative of events. As such, this is a difficult book for readers lacking background in the subject matter.

Here the wars were fought primarily because of religious differences.

Many war leaders have claimed to have God on their side, but should religion get the blame?

To some extent, the nature of a war is in the eye of the beholder.

He preach'd one Evening from the top of the Court House Steps [in Philadelphia], which are in the Middle of , and on the West Side of Second Street which crosses it at right angles.

The pure Buddhist attitude is shown in this story:

Being among the hindmost in Market Street, I had the Curiosity to learn how far he could be heard, by retiring backwards down the Street towards the [Delaware] River, and I found his Voice distinct till I came near Front-Street, when some Noise in that Street, obscur'd it.

This page looks at the ethical issues of war from the point of view of Buddhism.

Is it not this, that your passions are at war within you?

That ends up meaning something very specific indeed, especially in democracies like Athens, with an Assembly of the (male) citizens: public speaking.

You desire and do not have, so you murder.

Benjamin Franklin, in a day when electronic amplification still didn't exist, was curious about accounts of ancient figures, like Julius Caesar, addressing entire armies.

in the Sumerian city-state of Lagash.

Being the kind of he was, Franklin put the matter to the test with the evangelist George Whitefield (1714-1770):

He had a loud and clear Voice, and articulated his Words & Sentences so perfectly that he might be heard and understood at a great Distance, especially as his Auditories, however numerous, observ'd the most exact Silence.

began with the , , the "natural philosophers" (in Latin, ).

Reflecting social history approaches dominant at the time it was written, this book begins with a description and analysis of French social structures and political and religious institutions. It then moves on to blend narrative and analysis in its account of the wars themselves. Not an easy book but still considered by many to be the best history of the wars in English.

The authors of the War Audit suggest that it was arguably a war driven by religion.

Samuel Moore, Edward Aveling, trans.

Nevertheless, allowing for the sincerity of Christian pacifists and anti-capitalists, we have moral teachings that, if they are not confined to world-denying renunciates, are foolish, unrealistic, and dangerous.

"Hatred will not cease by hatred, but by love alone. This is the ancient law."

Foreword by Bettina Bien Greaves.

Equally foolish and unrealistic is the injunction stated here by Jesus:

Matthew 19:21 -- Jesus said unto him, If thou wilt be perfect, go sell that thou hast, and give to the poor, and thou shalt have treasure in heaven: and come follow me.

Superstition played a large part in the progress her ragtag band of followers had made.

Both may be, but one must be wrong.

First published in 1904 as a volume in the classic Histoire de France depuis les origines jusqu’à la Révolution, edited by Ernest Lavisse. Still useful for its detailed account of royal politics, events leading up to the Wars of Religion, and the wars themselves. Available from the Bibliothèque Nationale de France.