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many of our students' personal decisions will have the inherent dangers of instant gratification, and so will their political decisions. . . . As a result, imagination itself will require a new definition. (1)

Here is an overview of the process:

 Using Modern Language Association (MLA) Format. PurdueUniversity. 1 January 1999

Culture and Imperialism. Knopf, 1994.

Contributors: Tony Russell, Allen Brizee, Elizabeth Angeli, Russell Keck, Joshua M. Paiz, Michelle Campbell, Rodrigo Rodríguez-Fuentes, Daniel P. Kenzie, Susan Wegener, Maryam Ghafoor, Purdue OWL Staff
Last Edited: 2017-11-15 10:07:19

Henley, Patricia. . MacMurray, 1999.

The following overview should help you better understand how to cite sources using MLA eighth edition, including the list of works cited and in-text citations.

Crews, Frederick, and Schor, The Borzoi Handbook for Writers. New York: Alfred Kopf, inc., 1989.

She thought poets "the unacknowledged legislators of the world."

The in-text citation is a brief reference within your text that indicates the source you consulted. It should properly attribute any ideas, paraphrases, or direct quotations to your source, and should direct readers to the entry in the list of works cited. For the most part, an in-text citation is the author’s name and page number (or just the page number, if the author is named in the sentence) in parentheses:

The location of an online work should include a URL.

Alonso, Alvaro, and Julio A. Camargo. "Toxicity of Nitrite to Three Species of Freshwater Invertebrates." Environmental Toxicology, vol. 21, no. 1, 3 Feb. 2006, pp. 90-94. Wiley Online Library,

Matisse, Henri. The Swimming Pool. 1952, .

A DOI, or digital object identifier, is a series of digits and letters that leads to the location of an online source. Articles in journals are often assigned DOIs to ensure that the source is locatable, even if the URL changes. If your source is listed with a DOI, use that instead of a URL.

How do I use partial quotations to liven up my writing?

Often, a quotation you wish to use includes a pronoun instead of a name. Since you must copy the quotation verbatim, you should insert the name after the pronoun to clarify who you are talking about. Use brackets (not parenthesis).

Women's Health: Problems of the Digestive System. 2006.

If a source has been published on more than one date, the writer may want to include both dates if it will provide the reader with necessary or helpful information.

How do I punctuate shorter quotations?

Wheelis, Mark. "Investigating Disease Outbreaks Under a Protocol to the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention." Emerging Infectious Diseases, vol. 6, no. 6, 2000, pp. 595-600, Accessed 8 Feb. 2009.