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-- literature site under construction

-- lots about the era, including plenty about how the Macbethsprobably lived, dressed, ate, etc., etc.
-- illuminated manuscriptwhich will give you a picture of the times a little bit before Macbeth
-- a group of peoplewho reconstruct Duncan's era
History has added to the ambiguity of the play.

This page deals with all this without apology.

It showslife at its most brutal and cynical, in order to ask life's toughest question.

I have a high regard for truth and I talk plain.

Holinshed spends a lot of time on the incident in whichMalcolm (who became a popular king) tests Macduffby pretending to be mean when he is really nice.

The king shouts "Oh valiant cousin!

Shakespeare adapted this for Macbeth.I've read that Holinshed's section on Macbeth was largely derived fromthe work of one Hector Boece, Scotorum Historiae ("Chroniclesof Scotland", 1526-7, translated from Latin into English by a John Bellenden in 1535).It is evidently not online.

If you want something nice, . Please note: I am the author of all the material on this page.

All teens knowthat severed headswere probably the first soccer balls.

In 1045, Duncan's father Crinan was killed in "A battle between the Scotsthemselves", (Annals of Ulster) and this event probably represented anattempt to oust Macbeth.

There are MacBeth families in Scotland and Nova Scotia.

In 1050, Macbeth is reported to have "scatteredmoney like seed to the poor at Rome." (Marianus Scottus) From 1054onwards, Macbeth was probably occupied in a struggle with Duncan's sonMalcolm to retain the throne.

Macbeth was not named "Lady", but "Gruoch"(GROO-och).

(Do you remember the "Beethoven was black"fiasco as Stanford?)To cite a benign example, the narratorof Braveheart begins saying in effect, "You may sayI'm lying, but remember it's the winners who write history." He goeson to have William Wallace, who was executed in 1305, partying withQueen Isabella, who didn't come to England until 1309.


Much of his "theory" is only of historical interest, but you might decidethat some of the "psychoanalytic" writings -- like this one -- are just common sense describedin unfamiliar terms.

Everybody brings a different set of experiences to a book,a theater, or a classroom.

I am very familiar with howhuman bodies decompose.

William III told a manwho asked for his touch, "May God give you better health and better sense.")Some people will decide that the Macbeths are victims of supernaturalforces beyond anybody's control.

The witch plans to get back at her by causing a nine-day stormto make her sailor husband miserable.

Moments later, the bad guys break in and stab him to death.

Those wishing to participate join hands in a circle, and one member says,"May those who work on this production, and those who see it,be guided to choose peace over violence, love over vanity,and hope over despair." All say, "Amen."Previous stage villains, notably Shakespeare's Aaron and Richard III,do not reach the Macbeths' depth.

If the ship hadn't beenunder divine protection, she'd kill everybody on board.

Of course she would die soon afterwards.

Earl Siward of Northumbria invaded Scotlandin 1054, probably with the intention of placing Duncan's son Malcolm onthe throne in an attempt to effect a friendly Scotland.