to occupy Cuba, Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines.

(1) One feature rarely noted in popular accounts of NDEs is hallucinatory imagery seen in the experience. For example, when one man was accidentally electrocuted, he encountered a during an NDE:

the right to intervene when it sees fit.

interventions in Panama to protect the Atlantic-Pacific railroad from Panamanian nationalists.

Marines help Mexican dictator Porfirio Díaz crush a strike in Sonora.

Finally, compared to non-OBErs, OBErs tend to have more hallucinatory experiences (McCreery and Claridge, "Personality" 140), perceptual distortions (McCreery and Claridge, "Hallucination" 743), distortions of body image (Murray and Fox 70), illusory experiences of changes in body size, and floating sensations (Blackmore, "Postal" 235). Overall, the best predictors of OBEs are dissociation, hypnotic susceptibility, absorption, and fantasy proneness (Alvarado 193-194).

troops land in Honduras for the first of 5 times in next 20 years.

Although Ring and Rosing view dissociative tendencies as a psychological defense mechanism to "tune out" physical threats to one's well-being while simultaneously opening a door to "alternate realities" (Ring and Rosing 217-218, 231), their hypothetical status as a defense mechanism makes much more sense if OBEs and NDEs do literally involve any form of disembodiment. For instance, both OBErs and NDErs tend to have high rates of absorption—a trait which Irwin notes "might usefully be thought of as a capacity for imaginative involvement" (Irwin, "Disembodied" 263). But whether it is indicative of a to have OBEs and NDEs or simply a of having them, such a correlation makes little sense if something actually leaves the body during such experiences. For why would mechanisms—as opposed to physiological crises alone—trigger the release of the soul? Conversely, why would literal separation from the body make individuals more prone to fantasize?

sends ten warships to back a rebellion in Panama in order to acquire the land for the Panama Canal.

We could not tolerate such a thing without incurring grave risks...

(2) The Fenwicks also mention the case of a woman who had 3 spontaneous out-of-body experiences during her second pregnancy (Fenwick and Fenwick 40-41). In her third OBE, she found it difficult to 'return to her body.' The Fenwicks write: "Mrs Davey adds that although she was up on the ceiling, she did see her body" (Fenwick and Fenwick 41).

Nicaragua has become a test case.

A sound and readable narrative introduction to France in the “long sixteenth century,” especially strong on political history. The bibliographical essay is an excellent guide to further reading.

The Frenchman Philippe Bunau-Varilla negotiates the Canal Treaty and writes Panama's constitution.

President Victoriano Huerta resigns.

Director of undergraduate studies: Leslie Harkema, Rm. 207, 82–90 Wall St., 432-1157, ; language program director: Ame Cividanes, Rm. 210, 82–90 Wall St., 432-1159, ;

The new president, Adolfo Díaz, is the former treasurer of an American mining company.

Officers' Club in Port-au-Prince, because he is black.

, suggesting a similar physiological process underlying hallucinations with different triggers. But what is particularly interesting is that Klüver's form constants also appear in near-death experiences.

Marines occupy Haiti to restore order, and establish a protectorate which lasts till 1934.

Army troops occupy Panama City to break a rent strike and keep order.

The Fenwicks concede that in this case it is "quite clear" that this NDEr was not actually observing the physical world when he saw his body from above. Obviously this NDE must have been a brain-generated hallucination. Despite their sympathy for the survival hypothesis, the Fenwicks are explicit about the hallucinatory nature of this NDE: "He was unaware of the cook, who had been lying beside him—and was now not simply lying beside him but spread all over his back, where he could hardly have failed to be seen" (Fenwick and Fenwick 44).