John Stuart Mill on Individual Liberty Summary - …
John Stuart Mill on Liberty and Control
John Stuart Mill (1806–1873) was the most famous andinfluential British philosopher of the nineteenth century. He was oneof the last systematic philosophers, making significant contributionsin logic, metaphysics, epistemology, ethics, political philosophy, andsocial theory. He was also an important public figure, articulating theliberal platform, pressing for various liberal reforms, and serving inParliament. During Mill's lifetime, he was most widely admired for hiswork in theoretical philosophy and political economy. However, nowadaysMill's greatest philosophical influence is in moral and politicalphilosophy, especially his articulation and defense of utilitarianismand liberalism (Nicholson 1998). This entry will examine Mill'scontributions to the utilitarian and liberal traditions. We willconcentrate on his two most popular and best known works,Utilitarianism (1861, cited as U) and OnLiberty (1859, cited as OL), drawing on other texts whenthis sheds light on his utilitarian and liberal principles. We willconclude by looking at how Mill applies these principles to issues ofpolitical and sexual equality in Considerations on RepresentativeGovernment (1859, cited as CRG), Principles ofPolitical Economy (1848, cited as PPE), and TheSubjection of Women (1869, cited as SW).
JOHN STUART MILL'S ON LIBERTY, AND A QUESTION ABOUT LIBERALISM ..
There are many editions of Mill's more popular andinfluential works, including many of his writings in moral andpolitical philosophy. The definitive edition of Mill'swritings is Collected Works of John Stuart Mill [CW],33 volumes, ed. J. Robson (Toronto: University of Toronto Press,1965–91) and .In order to facilitate common reference among readers using differenteditions of his most commonly read texts—Utilitarianism,On Liberty, A System of Logic, and Principles ofPolitical Economy—I will refer to those works using naturaldivisions in his texts, such as chapter, section, and/orparagraph. Otherwise, I will refer to Mill's works usingpagination in his Collected Works. I refer to thefollowing works, employing the associated abbreviations.
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Let us set aside such important questions as those raised in the famous essay of John Stuart Mill on (1861) relating to what people are entitled to be represented and to the different weight to be possibly given to the people represented according to their abilities or to their contribution to the expenses of the community, and so on.