at the University of Nevada, Reno.
,Chapter XLII of ,an annotated summary of the Tale with notes.
In the twentieth century Angelcynn is a living history society which aims to recreate, as authentically as possible, the richness of the birth of a nation which has passed into legend and into lore." "an evergrowing resource for anybody with aninterest in Early Medieval Europe in general and Anglo-Saxon andViking Britain in particular," includes historical articles,surveys of crafts and clothing, and other research materials.
, a prose version of the story from by Maud Isabel Ebbutt (1910).
includesthe text in Old English and modern translation, with a glossary, notes on characters and historical context, and other materials;the site was "designed under the supervision of Dr.
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Much of Old English poetry was probably intended to bechanted, with harp accompaniment, by the Anglo-Saxon or bard of thetimes. Often bold and strong, but also mournful and elegiac in spirit, thispoetry emphasizes the sorrow and ultimate futility of life and the helplessnessof humans before the power of fate and the natural forces. Almost all this poetryis composed without rhyme, in a characteristic line, or verse, of four stressedsyllables alternating with an indeterminate number of unstressed ones. This linestrikes strangely on ears habituated to the usual modern rythmical pattern, inwhich the rythmical unit, or theoretically consists of a constantnumber (either one or two) of unaccented syllables that always precede or followany stressed syllable. Another unfamiliar but equally striking and mostprominent feature in the formal character of Old English poetry is structuralalliteration, or the use of syllables beginning with similar sounds in two orthree of the stresses in each line.
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There is, perhaps, agood case for believing that Beowulf was composed in Suffolk, at the palaceof Rendlesham, within living memory of the great ship-burial in 625AD."
"a new critical electronic edition of the text, based on an examination of the original MS,with supplementary texts including edited and translated by Benjamin Slade,Johns Hopkins University." Old English text, English and German translations,introduction, glossary, links.