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Throughout history the various forms of mediated communication have always reflected an apparent massive interest in crime, criminals, punishment, and justice. In other words, over time print, sound, visual, and new media alike have always depended on responsive audiences (or “ratings”). Through the processes of mass communication, these popular media have also made significant contributions, for better and worse, to the social construction of crime and justice.

Internet: Essay on Internet as a Mass media

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Mind Over Mass Media - The New York Times

Those levels of analysis are similar in conception, if not always in name, to the levels of outlined in Shoemaker and Reese’s work on influences on mass media content, explained in the 1991 and 1996 editions of Mediating the Message: Theories of Influences on Mass Media Content. (A new version of the book, which the authors had been unable to persuade the original publisher to produce, is planned for 2011.) In outlining their conceptual framework, the authors attempted to refocus mass communication research in several important ways. First, they sought to nudge it away from a tendency to view the individual media practitioner as the sole arbiter of media content, noting that such a focus reflected U.S. cultural, methodological, and theoretical biases. Second, the authors sought to alter the longstanding media effects tradition in mass communication research, which views media messages as independent variables that can influence some dependent variable, such as audience knowledge, attitude, or behavior. Instead, the hierarchy of influences model portrayed media content itself as a dependent variable influenced by multiple other factors. Third, Shoemaker and Reese attempted to make clear through their framework the problems with “studies that make observations at one level of analysis and interpret those findings at a higher level,” such as research that examines the behavior or attitudes of selected individuals and then draws conclusions from that data about media organizations as a whole. Finally, the authors sought to encourage other researchers to consider the connections among the multiple levels of influence on media content.

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In 2010, the mass media can be used to influence people’s attitudes about crime and criminal justice, for better or worse. The popular media can be used to provide the police with more crime-related information. Media technology has also become a staple used to speed the processing of criminal cases, to videotape police patrols, vehicle stops, and subsequent interrogations. It can be useful in the investigation, surveillance, and deterrence of crime and in the prevention of victimization by intercepting, for example, potential terrorist bombers foiled by TSA full-body video scanners when trying to pass through airport security. In these applications of media technology to crime and social control, the question typically asked by inquiring minds is at what costs or benefits to the general public?

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08/12/2010 · Amanda Leech English 10 Cause and Effect Essay 4 Oct

Mass Media & Crime - Gregg Barak

Elites within the industry accomplish their mission of political and social influence by utilizing the six political functions of mass media; news making, interpretation, socialization, persuasion, agenda setting and framing....

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In a 1996 article that has been cited more than 560 times, Indiana University professor Christine Ogan and then-Ph.D. candidate Merrill Morris called for mass communication researchers to do a better job of considering the Internet as a mass medium. If scholars persisted in studying principally “the traditional forms of broadcast and print media that fit much more conveniently into … theories of mass communication,” the authors wrote, “their theories about communication will become less useful. Not only will the discipline be left behind, but it will also miss an opportunity to explore and rethink answers to some of the central questions of mass communications research, questions that go to the heart of the model of source-message-receiver with which the field has struggled.”

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Mind Control Theories and Techniques used by Mass …

One area in which this reconceptualizing would appear to be especially fruitful—even nearly 15 years later—is theory. In their essay, Morris and Ogan argued that mass communication researchers’ study of the Internet was constrained in the early years of the Internet’s diffusion because they had not found appropriate theoretical models. The authors encouraged scholars to approach the Internet through the lenses of critical mass, diffusion of innovations, interactivity, uses and gratifications, social presence and network analysis. They wrote that doing so would “allow researchers both to continue to use the structures of traditional media studies and to develop new ways of thinking about those structures.” Indeed, since 1996, researchers have studied the Internet using all the perspectives Morris and Ogan highlighted, especially interactivity.