Grammar Bytes! :: The Subordinate Conjunction
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Some translations render the word "leaveth" in terms of a forsaking. But the word here, , though it can carry that meaning, acquires that meaning based on context -- it carries the meaning of leaving behind, and no one would argue that the ostrich does not leave or place its eggs on the ground and leave them now and then (without "abandoning" them). In fact, we'll see in a moment that this is a good description of their behavior, and indeed, even "forsaking" fits a certain behavior they have.Insofar as laying eggs on the ground is a risky procedure, none of this is untrue -- and it hardly counts as malicious or bad parenting. But there is actually more to this, and we will see that in a moment. Here are the two key passages:Critics take this to be referring to a universal ostrich-ish practice, but there are indeed times when the ostrich will act this way. Provan's commentary on Lamentations , using Cramp's as a source, notes:And Eaton's Bible Dictionary reports another behavior:And here's something from another site now defunct:Note that what we have here is a perfect example of the ostrich leaving -- indeed, -- the eggs "belonging" to her as dominant hen of the communal group, to the dust out where they can be trod upon. Sounds pretty harsh. But even more so -- the site goes on:So it seems momma is "hardened" against her young ones after all -- Dad is the one who does the job of parenting after hatching.The behavior with eggs is even further confirmed by Brian C. R. Bertram's (1992). Among the relevant points offered by Bertram:So let's review: -- this would be a perfect description of what is done to the outer ring of "forsaken" eggs, which are the communal property of the group under the discretion of the major hen. -- Note that the word "warmeth" here is term-specific for incubation -- it simply means "heats" (Ex. 16:21 And they gathered it every morning, every man according to his eating: and when the sun waxed hot (), it melted.) Ostrich incubation actually is for the purpose of cooling the eggs, not warming them. This again describes the outer ring of forsaken eggs. The word "foregetteth" indicates an obliviousness or apathy -- we have seen that the major hen purposely pushes these eggs out and doesn't care about what happens to them; she is preserving her own eggs. We have seen how this applies to the chicks.
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As Sartre and Merleau-Ponty would later do, Heidegger pursued theseissues with the somewhat unlikely resources of Edmund Husserl'sphenomenological method. And while not all existential philosopherswere influenced by phenomenology (for instance Jaspers and Marcel), thephilosophical legacy of existentialism is largely tied to the form ittook as an existential version of phenomenology. Husserl's efforts inthe first decades of the twentieth century had been directed towardestablishing a descriptive science of consciousness, by which heunderstood not the object of the natural science of psychology but the“transcendental” field of intentionality, i.e., that whereby ourexperience is meaningful, an experience of somethingas something. The existentialists welcomed Husserl's doctrineof intentionality as a refutation of the Cartesian view according towhich consciousness relates immediately only to its ownrepresentations, ideas, sensations. According to Husserl, consciousnessis our direct openness to the world, one that is governed categorially(normatively) rather than causally; that is, intentionality is not aproperty of the individual mind but the categorial framework in whichmind and world become intelligible.