The outcry against Diem's harsh and oppressive actions was immediate.
vietnam Home Page, from the Byrd Archives
Armed Conflict,Armed Forces,Army,boundaries,civic education,Civil Society,civil war,cold war,collective action,conflict,CONFLICT PREVENTION,conflicts,consul,debt,Defense
Cotton Nero A.X.4 - Susan Welstead [.pdf]
In any event, the Johnson administration used the August 4 attack as political cover for a Congressional resolution that gave the president broad war powers.
Maddox, two American ships on call in the Gulf of Tonkin.
The United States supported this effort at nation-building through a series of multilateral agreements that created the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO).
The first of these attacks occurred on August 2, 1964.
If the causes of the war are obscure, so too are the consequences. The United States has won most of its wars, often emerging with significant concessions from the enemy. But the War of 1812 was different. Far from bringing the enemy to terms, the nation was lucky to escape without making extensive concessions itself. The Treaty of Ghent (which ended the conflict) said nothing about the maritime issues that had caused the war and contained nothing to suggest that America had achieved its aims. Instead, it merely provided for returning to the status quo ante bellum – the state that had existed before the war.
How vndirstande am I?' - Sebastian James Langdell
In 1955, with the help of massive amounts of American military, political, and economic aid, the Government of the Republic of Vietnam (GVN or South Vietnam) was born.