Tenney, E.P. Boston, Mass.: Lee and Shephard, 1880.
Gates, Paul Wallace. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1934.
Illegal immigration is one big problem that is widespread these days. Immigration actually means to move to other country for the purpose of job, permanent settlement or both. Illegal immigration comes into practice when people do not follow the guidelines required before and during the immigration process.
Moody, John. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1921.
Listed below are web sites about, or related to, immigration, railroads, and the West. These resources are listed to point users to further information outside the context of the Immigration to the US collection. The Open Collections Program and Harvard University bear no responsibility for the contents of these web sites. This list is not intended to be comprehensive.
It is provided by the Department of State s.
The Union Pacific was built primarily by Irish laborers from the Eastern Seaboard who were veterans of the Union and Confederate armies during the Civil War. Mormons also supplied labor, due to their desire to see the railroad pass near to Salt Lake City, and thereby to incorporate heavily Mormon Utah into the rest of the country. Although the Irish did not suffer from the same kind of racial discrimination as the Chinese did on the Central Pacific, they were still paid relatively little for hard work in dangerous territory. Irish laborers were killed by Native American war parties, who attacked laborers and construction parties for their efforts to build a railroad that Native Americans believed threatened the continued existence of their culture and violated treaties granted by the US government.