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By showing the projected capitulation to a feared wilderness of this simple and often unsuspecting farmer, caught up in internal and distinctively American contradictions he cannot--or will not--comprehend, Crèvecoeur--or St. John--showed the deep and complex insecurities underlying the sense of self-identity for the American who, unprotected by a long established (and artificial) civilization, must contend with nature's--and his own--wilderness. If there is to be any viable negotiation with American nature and a firmer basis for American identity, it would seem to follow, Americans must confront these conflicts within themselves, going beyond the limits of Farmer James.

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GENERAL REFERENCE • • • • • • • • •

‎Dallas, TX, Triangle Publishing Company. 1960, Edition Unstated. Hard Cover. Text clean and well bound, with only quite minor wear. Prev. owner name to endpaper. DJ with some rubbing, moderate wear along upper edge, a few tiny marks; now in mylar protector. Poetry and History dealing with Hawaii. Very Good/Good.‎

The "" or for immigrants ("What is an American?")

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The "American Dream" of opportunity, hard work, middle-class self-sufficiency.

The following description comes from . The original map from the

As noted in the book Mitchell spent considerable effort studying the range, variation, and timing of the tides around the coast and especially on various positions inside and out of Katama (Cotamy) Bay. His inset graph comparing the tides inside and out served to bolster his explanation that the opening in the barrier beach was maintained by the tremendous erosive forces of the currents that sweep through that narrow channel, driven by the height differential of the water inside and outside the bay.

The following description and original map comes from .

Aspects of the long-standing research by these two men are apparent in the details and insets of this 1871 map. From Whiting these include the light tracing of the position of the southern opening of Katama Bay (1776, 1846, 1856) and vertical cross-sections of the barrier beach that seals the bay along with comparative cross-sections from the barrier beach at the Nantucket haulover and at Scituate on Cape Cod. Whiting’s papers reference the tremendous erosion and movement of material from the beach out into the bay and beyond and so he feasibly collaborated with Mitchell to produce the inset depicting the Section (AB) running from Chappaquiddick Point to the West Shore. Note also how the topographical survey is tied into the location and elevation, above sea level, of the Martha’s Vineyard National Bank.

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Letter III dwells almost obsessively on how the closer men are to wilderness, the wilder they become, "no better than carnivorous animals" for they are "remote from the power of example and check of shame." (72) Virtue then seems to lie in settlements, not in nature, in the next line of settlers who will transform "that hitherto barbarous country into a fine, fertile, well-regulated district." (73) But the alert reader notices that he often pauses here to refuse pointedly to give proof: "you are not to expect that I shall advance any reasons." (76) The "natural fecundity of the earth" makes them lawless and a "mongrel breed, half civilized, half savage" (77) and obviously the worse half of each. Virtue seems to be in proportion to their cultivation of the land, although that conflicts with his later comments about Nantucket and Charles Town.

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Surveyor Richard L. Pease, nephew of Jeremiah Pease, undertook considerable work on the Vineyard, and was much involved in major development plans such as Lagoon Heights. His historical materials helped form the early basis for much of Charles Banks’ work and he was notably involved in developing the census and report on the Inhabitants of Gay Head.