John Dryden“Essay of Dramatic Poesy”(1668)BY: TO:AYTEKIN ALIYEVA Prof

37 We also know that Katherine Corey played the clever maid Lucy. Lucy is a remarkably important maid in the play and she is the one who has to save the day at the end. Katherine Corey often played maids. She played the maid in The Emperor o f the Moon, which we will examine next. As was stated early in this paper she would have been well known and had been arrested for her mockery on stage of Lady Harvey.92 Wilson states that she played old women roles, but that even she had been on stage in a breeches part in The Roman Empress (1670).93 Elizabeth Howe tells us that Katherine Corey was large and plain and later specialised in ugly, comic parts. 94 Clearly the neoclassical rules of the French stage followed by Moliere are at least a part of where the plays differ. This was something that was thought through at the time as well, and Dry den wrote an essay about why English theatre was superior to French theatre because it did not need to follow the constraints of neoclassicism. This was obviously a point of comparison that was in the minds of the English at the time because Dry den discusses it at some length in his Essay o f Dramatic Poesy. Dry den s essay is structured as a number of characters speaking to each other about drama and poetry in England as compared to the ancients and also France. The unities are all discussed at some length and one of the characters suggests that there is not as much plot in French 92 Avery, and Scouten, Critical Introduction, The London Stage : Part , clxxii. 93 Wilson, All the K in g s Ladies, Howe, The First English Actresses, 24.

John dryden an essay of dramatic poesy analysis

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89 It does seem notable that there is an expansion of women s roles in all three of these plays. This is not a statement that can be made about English theatre of the time in general, especially since this study purposefully includes a large proportion of English plays by women. However, it is true even in The Country Wife, the only English play examined written by a man, that the women s roles which existed in the French play appear to be expanded, and there are also more women. Of course, this is in part due to the apparent desire to include a greater variety of characters and plot as Dryden suggests in his essay of dramatic poesy. He claims that, 'Tis evident that the more the persons are, the greater will be the variety, of the plot. If then the parts are managed so regularly that the beauty of the whole be kept entire, and that the variety become not a perplexed and confused mass of accidents, you will find it infinitely pleasing to be led in a labyrinth of design, where you see some of your way before you, yet discern not the end till you arrive at it.23i This shift therefore could have to do with a concern which Dryden was aware of at the time; a desire for plots that were not bound by the rules of neoclassical French theatre. It also may have to do with the incredibly important presence of women onstage in this period, which is something I have endeavored to discuss in this thesis, both by highlighting the important roles of the actresses and their popularity, but also in my focus on both Aphra Behn and Susanna Centlivre, two women who wrote very popular plays in the period, when the profession of playwriting was still dominated by men. As Katherine Quinsey claims about Restoration drama, 232 D r y d e n An Essay of Dramatic Poesy, 169.

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38 plays because of their need to follow the unity of action.95 They also discuss the idea that some things should not be presented on stage, one of the Neoclassical rules that the French still followed. That is, those actions which by reason of their cruelty will cause aversion in us, or by reason of their impossibility unbelief, ought either wholly to be avoided by a Poet, or onely delivered by narration. To which, we may have leave to add such as to avoid tumult, (as was before hinted) or to reduce the Plot into a more reasonable compass of time, or for defect of Beauty in them, are rather to be related then presented to the eye.96 It was the standard and accepted rules in both classical Greek plays, and then consequently neoclassical French plays that obscene acts happened offstage, such as the blinding of Oedipus, or the death of Hippolytus in Racine s Phedre. Of course, the English had no attachment to these rules, as is clear in Shakespeare s plays with the blinding of the Gloucester onstage in King Lear. The adherence to the unities of time, place and action of Moliere s plays make for some obvious differences with Wycherley s play, and make it so the cuckolding happens only in the future in the minds of the potential husbands we see. L Ecole des femmes all takes place in one location, which is of course different than The Country Wife. However, it also seems possible that some of the more lascivious behavior in The Country Wife would have been seen as behavior less appropriate on the stage in France. 95 John Dryden, An Essay of Dramatic Poesy, Ed. Edmund D. Jones. English Critical Essays: Sixteenth, Seventeenth and Eighteenth Century, Vol. 1. (London: Oxford University Press, 1947), Dryden, An Essay o f Dramatic Poesy, 160.

His only critical work that was published alone was An Essay of Dramatic Poesy
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Dryden: An Essay of Dramatic Poesy: John Dryden

Dryden s theory of criticism in “an essay of pdfJan 2015 Keywords: Criticism, theory, dramatic poesy, Dryden dedications and prefacer to his poems, plays and other works scattered over the periodDryden Dramatic Poesy - WikiEducatorJun 2012 His best-known critical work, An Essay on Dramatic Poesy, partly reflects On the other hand, Neander favours the natural rhyme since that,The Occasion of "An Essay of Dramatic Poesy" - pdfDen s criticism, declaring in the Lives that Essay of dramatic poesy, the first of which certainly other, and have no regard to the whole Com- position

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Catalog Record: An essay of dramatic poesy | Hathi Trust Published: (1885); Of dramatic poesy, and other critical essays By: Dryden, John An essay of dramatic poesy, edited with notes by Thomas ArnoldOf Dramatic Poesie, an Essay | work by Dryden | Another English poet, John Dryden, in Of Dramatick Poesie, an Essay (1668), Neoclassical perspective on Shakespeare was to govern the literary criticism ofOf Dramatic Poesie Summary - eNotes comJohn Dryden s Of Dramatic Poesie (also known as An Essay of Dramatic Of Dramatic Poesie not only offers a capsule summary of the status of literary criticism in own views about drama, he is careful to allow his other characters to presentThe Occasion of "An Essay of Dramatic Poesy" - pdfDen s criticism, declaring in the Lives that Essay of dramatic poesy, the first of which certainly other, and have no regard to the whole Com- positionFull text of "An essay of dramatic poesy Edited with Dryden and others were not slow to consult the taste prevailing at Court His first Five critical questions are handled in the Essay, viz i PREFACE xv x The Defence of the Essay of Dramatic Poesy appeared later in the same year, 1668

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dryden an essay on dramatic poesy summary

Essay of Dramatick Poesie - WikipediaEssay of Dramatic Poesy by John Dryden was published in 1668 It was probably written during the plague year of 1666 Dryden takes up the subject that PhilipDryden Dramatic Poesy - WikiEducatorJun 2012 His best-known critical work, An Essay on Dramatic Poesy, partly reflects On the other hand, Neander favours the natural rhyme since that,Full text of "An essay of dramatic poesy Edited with Dryden and others were not slow to consult the taste prevailing at Court His first Five critical questions are handled in the Essay, viz i PREFACE xv x The Defence of the Essay of Dramatic Poesy appeared later in the same year, 1668The Occasion of "An Essay of Dramatic Poesy" - pdfDen s criticism, declaring in the Lives that Essay of dramatic poesy, the first of which certainly other, and have no regard to the whole Com- positionOf Dramatic Poesie, an Essay | work by Dryden | Another English poet, John Dryden, in Of Dramatick Poesie, an Essay (1668), Neoclassical perspective on Shakespeare was to govern the literary criticism of